History of the town of Figuig

 
. Theory of BC
. Period AD
. Period after the advent of Islam
. Period of French colonization
. Post-independence
Figuig histoire


Preface:


Located in eastern Morocco, Figuig is one of the oldest cities in the kingdom. Known for its climate semi - desert, date palms and countless Ksour. Formerly, there were several ksour, but today only seven are still standing, including:

- Ksar Hammam Foukani
- Ksar Hammam Tahtani
- Ksar Laabidate
- Ksar Lamiz
- Ksar Loudaghir
- Ksar Oulad Slimane

Who are virtually grouped in the same region and finally Ksar Zenaga which is in the lower Figuig, separate from other Ksour by "Jourf" high ground.


Figuig the great history


We bring to our readers that dates from prehistoric times and are mentioned in the passage below, are still on the theories and research specialists in the history of the fossil.


Theory of BC


The rock carvings discovered in the nineteenth century in the border region with Algeria back thousands of years. Archaeologists claim that the remains date from the Neolithic period. (Between 10,000 and 2300 before Christ). This period is characterized by change in lifestyle of the man: he abandons the chase to agriculture and the use of animals.

Ecological conditions of natural and Figuig promote and highlight the approach shows that this oasis is not just a gateway but also a place to live.


Period AD


Between 429 year when the Vandals conquered North Africa and 636 when the Battle of Yarmouk took place, it was a certainty that the predominant religion was Christianity in Figuig.

After defeating the Byzantines in 636 during the Battle of Yarmuk, and since 645, the Muslims spread Islam to North Africa. Added to this is that Christian pilgrims Figuig have been influenced by the new religion, Islam, the pilgrimage to Jerusalem. It is the dawn of Islam in Figuig.


Period after the advent of Islam

5th century AH / 11th century: the tribute of Banu Hilal Senhaji and moved towards Figuig which will influence relations Inter-Ksour and cause conflicts.

6th century AH: the region is subject under the authority of the dynasty led by Mouahidite Yacoub El Mansour AlMouahidi.

956 AH / 1549: Sultan Muhammad Esâadi Alcheikh traps noble Figuig to bring the city under his reign. These nobles were released after the intervention of mediators near the Sultan.

1061 AH / 1651 under the reign of Alawi, Sultan Bin Mohammed Sheriff engages in a fierce battle for the city to submit Figuig under his authority.

1089 AH / 1679: Baya renewal of Moulay Ismail who ruled Morocco between 1084 and 1139 AH (1673-1727). Governors Figuig this time were resorting to oppression and tennaient Figuig City with an iron fist, including Molay son of Sultan Abdul Malik in 1118 Hijra.

1782: one of the most violent conflicts between Ksour ends. Water sources were generally the cause of conflicts. At this year Ksar Aljouaber disappears forever.

1299 AH / 1881: the night of Wednesday, 10 Rabii Athani until noon, the French tried unsuccessfully to crush the resistance Figuig who supported the Algerian resistance against the French. This battle took place at Zenaga instead Oussiaimane which sparked the victory figuiguis who have lost 30 martyrs and 18 wounded, against 129 deaths and 50 wounded in the French camp.

July 1883: the famous Algerian Sheikh resistant Bouamama found his place of birth (Hammam Foukani) Figuig in order to collect and reorganize his troops activists.


Period of French colonization


1321 AH / 1903: General Oconor conducting an aggressive military partner against the inhabitants of the city Figuig. On June 9, this general bombing of the Ksar Zenaga with 600 cannon fire, houses and date palms were destroyed. His arrogance led her to destroy the people to the dome of the mosque in the Jemaa. However, no resistance was reported.

1 August 1946: King Mohammed V ordered the construction of the school which will have a role Annahda center management training. This property was supervised by the fire Alhaj Mohammed bin Frej.


Post-independence


March 2, 1956: the independence of Morocco.

February 26, 1961: the death of the late Majesty Mohammed V.

March 3, 1961: Crown Prince Moulay Hassan of Morocco becomes king.

October 1963: between Algeria and Morocco modern war sands: Algeria refuses to go to Morocco its lands included in the territory of the occupying French. After this crisis the people of Figuig lost a considerable amount of their land and date palms.

March 1973: Like other Moroccan cities, Figuig has experienced a wave of kidnapping abused by the state under the pretext that they supported the armed opposition

July 23, 1999: Death of His Majesty King Hassan II.

30 July 1999: Crown Prince Moulay Mohammed becomes king of Morocco.

January 7, 2004: creation of the Equity and Reconciliation Commission by order of His Majesty Mohammed VI. This commission is not justice, but its purpose is to reconcile the people and to compensate victims of past events. The city Figuig is among the cities that were included in this program.

29 and 30 January 2005: hearing listening to the testimonies of victims and suffering.